Determining the Children's Emotional and Behavioral Problems Model based on Object Relations: Mediation of Five Personality Factors

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student of General Psychology, Department of General Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of General Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Elm o Farhang University, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant professor, Department of Psycholog, Islamic Azad University, Astara branch, Gilan, Iran

Abstract

Background: The important identity-preceding structure is the self, a personality structure formed out of interpersonal interactions. The self is formed in infancy and early childhood out of the internalized and ‘metabolized’ interactions between the child and significant other persons.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the children's emotional and behavioral problems model based on object relations with mediating role of five personality factors.

Methods: The design of this research is structural equation correlation. The statistical population included all children and their parents living in the 1st and 2nd districts of Tehran in 2020-2021, who were selected as convenience sampling method. Data collection tools were Bell Object Relations Inventory (BORI), The Child Behavior Checklist/4-18, and NEO Personality Inventory (Short Form). the data was analyzed using SPSS version 27 software and Smart PLS 3 software and with structural equation model method. The statistical findings were considered significant at the 0.05 level.

Results: It should be mentioned that based on the drawn model, the mediator variable in the model is significant, and the value of the path coefficient has increased due to the mediator variable. However, the relationship between the object relations variable and children's emotional and behavioral problems was not significant, and it is meaningful only through the mediation of the Personality traits of the fathers’ variable.

Conclusion: According to these findings, we recommend that more emphasis be placed on parenting in clinical practice and the development of parenting interventions for people with children's emotional and behavioral problems based on objective relationships.

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