The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention Based on Psychological Capitals on the Experience Avoidance and Suicidal ideations in Female Victims of Domestic Violence

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Payame Noor University, Bushehr, Iran

4 Department of Psychology and Education of Children with Special Needs, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.


Introduction: Violence against women and girls is currently one of the most important and specific forms of violence against human rights.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention based on psychological capital on experience avoidance and suicidal ideations in girls victims of domestic violence in Isfahan.
Materials & Methods: The research design was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population consisted of all girls’ victims of domestic violence in Isfahan who were referred to a Counseling Center in Isfahan in 2019. The sample consisted of 30 girls who were selected by purposive sampling method and randomly assigned to one experimental group (cognitive-behavioral intervention based on psychological capital) and a control group (each consisting of 15 people). The research tools included Beck Scale for Suicidal ideations (BSSI) and Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II). Data were analyzed by SPSS.22 software and univariate analysis of covariance.
Results: The findings of this study showed that cognitive-behavioral intervention based on psychological capital was effective on experience avoidance (p <0.001) and suicidal ideation (p <0.001) in girls’ victims of domestic violence in Isfahan.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that cognitive-behavioral therapy based on psychological capital is an effective treatment to reduce problems related to experience avoidance and suicidal thoughts of girls’ victims of domestic violence and can be used to improve psychological problems of girls’ victims of domestic violence.


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