The Effect of the Mediating Role of Social Support in the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Mental Well-being in Students with Learning Disabilities

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of General Psychology, Kashan branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashan, Iran https://orcid.org/0009-0000-0255-6166. 09135405048. Drmehnoshtehrani@gmail.com

2 2. Department of Psychology, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran rashidi.tahereh@gmail.com. 0009-0002-2592-0412

3 3. Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran . https://orcid.org/0009-0000-3762-5985

4 4. Department of Psychology, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran. aziziazam1965@gmail.com. 0000-0001-5410-1104.

5 5. Department of Psychology, Astara Branch, Payame Noor University, Astara, Iran. arezoo.1983.60@gmail.com. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1921-9868

10.30483/rijm.2024.254511.1314

Abstract

Background and purpose: Students with learning disabilities face difficulties in social, emotional, and academic aspects. The main objective of this study is to examine how social support plays a role in the connection between psychological capital and mental well-being in these students.



Materials and methods: The research used both correlational and cross-sectional methods in addition to structural equation modeling (SEM). The statistical population for the study comprised all students with learning disabilities residing in Tehran from July to November 2023. A sample of 250 adolescent students with a history of learning disabilities was selected using a multi-stage cluster and targeted sampling method. The research utilized measurement tools such as the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Subjective Well-being Scales (SWS), and Luthans Psychological Capital Questionnaires (PCQ). Descriptive statistics were conducted using SPSS version 27 software, while path coefficients between variables were analyzed using SmartPLS version 4 software. The significance of the mediator variable was assessed using Sobel's test.



Results: The present study found that Self-Efficacy positively influenced Mental well-being through the Social Support variable, with a significant effect (β=0.241, P=0.000). Hope had a beneficial effect on mental wellness through social support, with a substantial positive impact (β=0.091, P=0.017). "Nonetheless, there was no notable impact of Optimism on mental health when considering the Social support factor (β=-0.014, P=0.750)."



Conclusion: The results of this study show that hope and self-efficacy, two psychological assets, improve both mental well-being and social support. However, optimism only boosts well-being, while resilience only improves social support.

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