A Comparative Study of Impulse Control and Metacognitive Thinking between Hyperactive and Normal Adolescents

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Asrara Branch, Payame Noor university, Asrara, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, University sistan& balochestan, zahedan, Iran. https://orcid.org/0009-0009-50438530

3 Department of Psychology, Boushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boushehr, Iran. https://orcid.org/0009-0005-1066-9837

4 Department of Psychology, Broujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Broujerd, Iran.

5 Department of Psychology, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran



Background: The significance of hyperactivity disorder lies in its widespread occurrence, long-lasting effects, and how it affects the well-being of children and their families. This study aims to analyze the differences in impulse control and metacognitive thinking among teenagers with hyperactivity and normal teenagers.

Methods: This study was conducted as one of the case-control investigations. The research was carried out in Rasht between July and October 2023, focusing on teenagers with hyperactivity. The study involved purposefully choosing 139 teenage boys and girls, who were then divided into four groups according to their levels of hyperactivity. Data collection instruments involved the utilization of the Meta-Cognition Questionnaire (MCQ-30) and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11). Statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test in SPSS version 27. A significance level of this study was 0.05.

Results: According to the research results, there was a significant difference in the mean of all variables among the four groups: girls with hyperactivity, girls without hyperactivity, boys with hyperactivity, and boys without hyperactivity (P<0.001).

Conclusion: The findings revealed that teenagers with hyperactivity, pessimistic beliefs, cognitive doubt, and a desire to manage their thoughts exhibit higher levels of impulsivity when compared to their peers. However, their optimistic beliefs and cognitive self-awareness processes are not as developed as those of typical adolescents.


Main Subjects