Effect of Psychological–Behavioral Intervention on the mental health in children and adult during COVID-19 : a systematic review- met-analysis

Document Type : Review Article/ Systematic Review Article/ Meta Analysis

Authors

1 Pediatric Nephrology Assistant proffesor Department of Pediatric,Division of Nephrology Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Dr Sheikh hospital ,Mashhad Iran.

2 Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

4 Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine Innovation Center Kerman University of Medical Sciences Kerman, Iran

10.30483/rijm.2024.254454.1271

Abstract

Background : Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate psychological interventions on COVID-19-related anxiety and depression. A literature review revealed no meta-anysis that has reviewed the effect of psychological interventions on COVID-19-related anxiety and depression

Objective : The present review examines the effect of psychological interventions on anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 outbreak

Materials and methods: The search strategy was to screen the relevant original English clinical trials in the electronic databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web Of Science and Scopus published from January 30, 2020 to March 5, 2022.



Results: The number of studies included for anxiety, depression and stress were 3, 4 and 2, respectively. Based on the random effects model, the mean score (95% confidence interval, 95%CI) of anxiety in the intervention group before and after the intervention was 13.29 (9.22, 17.35) and 6.89 (2.88, 10.90), respectively. On the other hand, the mean score (95% CI) of depression based on the random-effects model in the intervention group before and after intervention was 9.86 (7.35, 12.36) and 9.13 (4.38, 7.89), respectively. The random effects model for stress was also calculated. The mean score (95% CI) of stress before and after the intervention was 22.06 (11.43, 32.68) and 17.50 (8.64, 26.37) in the intervention group and 21.68 (12.21, 31.14) and 20.97 (4.65, 37.28) in the control group.

Conclusion: psychological interventions in different stages of the epidemic can be useful and practical to improve positive skills such as resilience, hope, and spiritual health to enhance mental health.

Keywords

Main Subjects