Comparison of The Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy and Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Coping Strategies in Post-Abortion Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

2 Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran, Iran.


Background: One of the most common pregnancy complications is an abortion that has several complications in the mental domain for women and their families.

Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of group reality therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy on coping strategies of women after abortion.

Methods: The method of this study was semi-experimental research with pre-test and post-test design with a control group. In this study, 45 women with abortion practices were randomly assigned to the first three test groups (15 people), the second test (15 people), intervention (15 people). The data collection instrument was the coping strategies questionnaire (1984). Educational interventions were implemented with pre-established targets for women and the questionnaires were again executed and data analysis was carried out 50 days later. Data were analyzed by mixed variance analysis, and Bonferroni test using SPSS.22.

Results: Findings showed that there was a significant difference between reality therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy on coping strategies in all components (p<0.05) except for confrontative coping and distancing.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that cognitive-behavioral therapy was more effective than reality therapy on improving coping strategies.