The Effectiveness of Self-Compassion Therapy on Self-Efficacy and Rumination in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.A, Department of psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD in counseling, Farhangian University, Ilam, Iran

3 M.A., Department of psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.

4 Ph.D. Student, Department of Psychology and Counselling, Faculty of Humanities, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Background: It is necessary to help people with irritable bowel syndrome to solve the problems related to this disease, identifying the factors affecting self-efficacy and rumination of these people, which can be improved by using different approaches.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of self-compassion therapy on rumination and self-efficacy in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
Methods: The current study consisted of a control group pre-test, post-test, and follow-up. Patients with irritable bowel syndrome who were referred to medical facilities in Tehran in 2020 made up the statistical population of this study. Of these, 30 subjects were selected by available sampling based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and were placed in an experimental group and one control group (each group of 15). The experimental group received self-compassion therapy in 10 sessions based on Gilbert (2009) training package. Data were collected using the self-efficacy questionnaire (1982) and rumination scale (1999). Data analysis was performed by repeated measure analysis of variance and Bonferroni test in SPSS software version 22.
Results: The results of this study showed that self-compassion therapy affected self-efficacy (P < 0.01) and rumination (P < 0.01) in IBS patients.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that self-compassion therapy is about self-efficacy and rethinking in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, so these abilities and training should be used to plan health measures. mental health, especially for patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
Keywords: IBS ,Rumination, Self-efficacy, Self-compassion