Document Type : Original Article
Ph.D. student, Department of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
Department of Psychology, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Chronic pain can cause numerous psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, and frustration.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on childhood abuse, depression, and chronic pain improvement in women.
Methods: The method of this study was a semi-experimental study with pre-test-posttest and follow-up with control group. The statistical population of this study consisted of all women with chronic pain in Sari in 2019. By convenience sampling method, 20 women with chronic pain who were eligible were selected and randomly tested in two groups of 10. To collect data, the psychological maltreatment Inventory (Coates & Messman-Moore, 2014), multidimensional pain inventory (Kernes et al. 1994), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (Zung, 1967) were used. Data were analyzed by SPSS.24 software in two parts: descriptive and inferential statistics using analysis of variance and multivariate covariance analysis.
Results: The results showed that mindfulness-based on stress reduction was effective on decreasing childhood abuse (P<0.01), depression (P<0.01), and chronic pain (P<0.01).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that mindfulness-based on stress reduction was effective on decreasing childhood abuse, depression, and chronic pain in women and this treatment can be used to improve the problems of women with chronic pain.