Structural equation modeling of social adjustment based on the dimensions of health control and attitudes toward homosexuality mediated by attribution styles in gay men

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Kish International Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kish Island, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.


Background: A considerable part of homosexual men's tensions and inconsistencies can be explained by anti-homosexual social attitudes.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the structural equation modeling of the relationship between locus of control, attitudes toward homosexuality and social adjustment in gay men by mediating the role of attributional styles.

Methods: The present study was a correlation and structural equation modeling. The statistical population of this study consisted of all gay and bisexual men in Tehran in 2019 who were selected by snowball sampling method of 206 people considering the probability of fall of the sample. The research tools included the Social Adjustment Scale (1976), Multifaceted Health Lodging Scale (1976), Attributional Style Questionnaire of Peterson et al. (1982), Researcher-Made Attitude to Homosexuality Questionnaire (2018). In this study, the structural equation modeling method was used to analyze the data with spss.22 and AMOS 24.0.

Results: The direct path coefficient between attitude to homosexuality (p<0.05, β=0.279), locus of control (p<0.05, β=0.237), attributional styles (p<0.01, β=-0.390), attitude to homosexuality (p<0.01, β=0.136) and social adjustment were significant. The indirect path coefficient between control location and social adjustment was positive and at the level of 0.05 was significant (p<0.05, β=0.123).

Conclusion: It can be concluded that attribution styles mediate the relationship between locus of control and social adjustment in homosexual men.