Document Type : Original Article
M.A , Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Assistant professor, department of physical education and sport sciences, Shahr-e-Qods Branch, Islamic azad university, Tehran, Iran
Background: Adiponectin and CTRP-9 are adipose tissue secreted adipokines mediating various tissue functions.
Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of eight weeks aerobic training and Omega3 ingestion on the levels of CTRP-9 and adiponectin in women living with overweight and obesity.
Methods: Forty women age ranging 20-35 years old (average age of 27.29±3.27 years old, average body mass index (BMI): 29.6±1.93 kg.m2) participated in the present study voluntarily. Participants randomly assigned into four groups (10 persons in each group) including placebo, Omega3, training and training+Omega3 groups. The aerobic training program included eight weeks period (three sessions per week), and the Omega3 and Omega3+training groups consumed 2,000 mg of Omega3 supplements daily. Blood samples were collected pre and post intervention (48 hours after the last training session or Omega3 consumption), and adiponectin, CTRP-9 and insulin levels were measured by ELISA method. Data analysis was performed using analysis of covariance and Bonferroni post hoc test.
Results: Significant decrease of CTRP-9 levels and insulin resistance, as well as a significant increase in adiponectin levels in the training and training+Omega3 groups compared to placebo and Omega3 groups were observed (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Based on our findings, it seems that positive effects of aerobic training alone or combined with Omega3 supplementation are partially exerted by increased and decreased adiponectin and CTRP-9 levels respectively, and Omega3 supplementation can increase the effectiveness of aerobic training in modulating CTRP-9 and adiponectin levels.