The Effectiveness of Iranian Traditional Music Package on Job Performance and Positive and Negative Emotions of Employees by Gender

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran.


Introduction: Mental health is one of the most important issues that affect the growth and development of the family and society. Music therapy improves the work environment and mental health Interventionally.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the Iranian traditional music package on job performance and the positive and negative emotions of employees by gender.
Method: The present study was applied research and its method was quasi-experimental with a pre-test, and post-test design with a control group. The present study population included all employees of Mehrasa Bam Company in Iran in 2021. Of the employees of this company, 60 people who were always available were selected voluntarily. These individuals were then matched based on gender, marital status, and educational status, and randomly assigned to each group (30 employees). Data were obtained by a Demographic questionnaire, job performance questionnaire (Patterson, 1990), and Positive and Negative Emotions Scale (Watson, Clark, and Tilligan, 1988). All statistical operations were performed on the data using SPSS-22 software.
Results: The results of the multivariate analysis of covariance showed that the Iranian traditional music package increased job performance (P<0.001) and positive emotions of male and female employees (P<0.001) and decreased their negative emotions (P<0.001).
Conclusion: It can be said that music therapy in the workplace improves job performance and is an appropriate tool for organizational development and related variables.


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