Role of Perceived Family Resilience, Meaning in Life, and Differentiation in Making a Distinction Between Smoker and non-Smoker Students in Ardabil University of Medical Sciences

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Family Health, Social Determinats of Health Researcg Center , Ardabili, University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Students in Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Ph.D. Students in Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

5 Master of Family Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.



Background: Considering the important role of psychological and family factors in the occurrence or prevention of addictive behaviors, this study aimed to determine the role of family resilience, meaning in life and differentiation in Distinction between smoking and non-smoking students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Methods: This research is a case-control study. The statistical population of the present study was students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2019, from which 80 smokers and 80 non-smokers were selected as the research sample using the available sampling method. In this study, family resilience, meaning in life and differentiation questionnaires were used to collect data. For data analysis, discriminant analysis method was used with SPSS.21 software.
Results: The results showed that 66% of the variance of family resilience, meaning in life, differentiation for the only discriminant function explained by the difference between the two groups of smokers and non-smokers.
Conclusions: Considering the high average of family resilience, meaning in life, and differentiation in non-smoking students, we can conclude that family resilience, meaning in life, and differentiation have a significant role in distinguishing between smoking and non-smoking students.


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