Comparison of the Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and EmotionFocused Therapy on psychological well-being in Married Female Victims of Domestic Violence

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

10.30483/rijm.2022.254392.1215

Abstract

Background: Women victims of domestic violence are not in a favorable situation in terms of psychological and emotional components.
Objective: The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and Emotion-Focused Therapy therapies on psychological well-being in married women victims of domestic violence.
Methods: The method of this study was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post-test, and follow-up design with control group. The statistical population included all women victims of domestic violence who were referred to counseling centers in Tehran in 2019, from which 60 people were selected by purposive sampling and in three groups of 20 people were allocated. The domestic Violence Questionnaire and Ryff Psychological Well-Being Scale were used to collect information. The experimental groups underwent cognitive behavioral therapy (8 sessions of 90 minutes) and Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) (8 sessions of 90 minutes); Data were analyzed using repeated measure analysis of variance by SPSS.23.
Results: The results showed that both cognitive-behavioral therapy and emotion-oriented therapies were effective in increasing psychological well-being in married women victims of domestic violence (p<0.005) and this effect was lasting over time but between cognitive therapies. Behavioral and Emotion-Focused Therapy on the increase of psychological well-being in married women victims of domestic violence, there was no significant difference.
Conclusion: Considering the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and Emotion-Focused Therapy therapies on psychological well-being in married women victims of domestic violence, it is recommended that psychologists, therapists, and counselors, after undergoing the necessary training, use these therapies to Reduce the psychological problems of this vulnerable group.

Keywords


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