Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on the Psychological Capital and Temptation of Methadone-Maintenance Treated Patients

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Psychology, Torbat-e Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e Jam, Iran.



Background: Addiction is a condition that is created if a habit is developed in a person to consume substances such as drugs, nicotine, alcohol, or activities.
Objectives: The present research was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on the psychological capital and temptation of methadone-treated addicts.
Methods: The research was of a quasi-experimental type with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The statistical population consisted of all methadone-treated addicts in addiction treatment clinics in Mashhad. From this population, 30 people were randomly selected, and by random replacement, the method was divided into two groups: experimental group (15 people) and control group (15 people). The data collection tool was Luthans's Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) and Wright's Craving Beliefs Questionnaire (CBQ). The data analysis method was performed using univariate and multivariate covariance with the aid of SPSS21 software.
Results: The research findings showed that the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) approach, had a positive and significant effect on psychological capitals and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resiliency, and optimism) (p <0.001). It also had a significant effect on reducing the recurrence temptation of methadone-treated addicts (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) can increase psychological capital and reduce the temptation of methadone-treated addicts.


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