Structural equation model of relationships between personality organization and emotional breakdown based on the mediating role of defense mechanisms

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Psychology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran .

3 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran .



Background: One of the most common and profound experiences is due to the breakdown of emotional relationships. Losing the subject of love at a young age is one of the biggest blows that can happen to people.
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the fitness of the structural equation model of relationships between personality organization and emotional breakdown based on the mediating role of defense mechanisms.
Methods: The present study was descriptive and correlational research was a structural equation model. The statistical population of this study included all adolescent girls with an emotional breakdown in the academic year of 2019-20 in Nurabad. The sample consisted of 250 people who were selected using the purposeful sampling method. Data were collected using the love trauma syndrome questionnaire (Ross, 1999), personality organization questionnaire (Kernberg, 2002), and defense mechanisms questionnaire (Andrews et al., 1993). Data analysis was performed using Pearson correlation coefficient, structural equation model, and SPSS.22 and AMOS.22 software. The significance level in this study was 0.05.
Results: The results showed that personality organization had an indirect effect on the emotional breakdown, so the indirect relationship between the research variables with 95% confidence was confirmed (p <0.05).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that personality organization has a mediating role in the relationship between defense mechanisms and emotional breakdown.


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