The Effect of Positive Thinking on Quality of Life and Resiliency of Cancer Patients

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Shahrood Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, IR Iran

2 Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran

10.30483/rijm.2015.118386

Abstract

Background: Every individual’s quality of life, well-being and mental health are certainly influenced by physical and psychological aspects. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of training positive thinking on quality of life and resiliency in female cancer patients hospitalized in Mashhad Omid hospital. Patients and Methods: This study was an interventional and experimental trial, including pre-and post-test. The target population in this study includes all female cancer patients, monthly 500 patients, hospitalized as outpatient (for a day) or inpatient (more than a week) in Omid hospital, Mashhad. Simple random sampling was used in this study. From the invited subjects, 55 patients accepted to participate in the classes. Using random number table, 30 subjects (15 patients as experimental group, and 15 as control group) were selected. The intervention was performed through eight sessions of one and a half to two hours, and continued for three weeks. After finishing positive thinking sessions, the post-test was conducted for both the experimental group who received intervention and control group who did not receive intervention. Two questionnaires including Conner-Davison resilience scale, 2003, and quality of life (SF-36) along with the primary questions about the individual characteristics were used to collect the required data. Results: To analyze the data, t-test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used. The result of this study showed that the positive thinking training course has a significant effect on resiliency (P = 0.00) and quality of life in cancer patients and changes are statistically significant (P = 0.00). These changes are the result of the effect of the independent variable. Conclusions: The overall results of this study reveal that positive thinking training courses can be used to increase the quality of life and resiliency of cancer patients.

Keywords


  1. 1.Luthar SS, Cicchetti D, Becker B. The construct of resilience: a critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Dev. 2000;71(3):543–62.

    1. Garmezy N, Masten AS. The protective role of competence indicators in children at risk. In: Cummings EM, Greene AL, Karraker KH, editors. Life-span developmental psychology: Perspectives on stress and coping. England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc; 1991. pp. 151–74.
    2. Zautra AJ, Hall JS, Murray KE. Resilience: A new definition of health for people and communities. In: Reich JW, Zautra AJ, Hall JS, editors. Handbook of adult resilience. New York US: Guilford Press; 2010. pp. 3–29.
    3. Connor KM, Davidson JR. Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depress Anxiety. 2003;18(2):76–82.
    4. Bonanno GA. Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely aversive events? Psychol Trauma Theory Res Pract Policy. 2008;S(1):10–3.
    5. Venkat C. Does Positive Thinking Influence Cancer Outcome? Am J Epidemio. 2010;172:377–88.
    6. Stewart ME, Watson R, Clark A, Ebmeier KP, Deary IJ. A hierarchy of happiness? Mokken scaling analysis of the Oxford Happiness Inventory. Pers Individ Diff. 2010;48(7):845–8.
    7. Seligman ME, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology. An introduction. Am Psychol. 2000;55(1):5–14.
    8. Linley PA, Burns GW. Finding and Developing Client Resources in the Management of Intense Anger. Happiness Healing Enhanc. 2010:14.
    9. Sloman R. Relaxation and imagery for anxiety and depression control in community patients with advanced cancer. Cancer Nurs. 2002;25(6):432–5. Mousavi E et al. 28 Razavi Int J Med. 2015;3(3):e27122
    10. Connor KM. Assessment of resilience in the aftermath of trauma. J Clin Psychiatry. 2006;67 Suppl 2:46–9.
    11. Alriksson-Schmidt AI, Wallander J, Biasini F. Quality of life and resilience in adolescents with a mobility disability. J Pediatr Psychol. 2007;32(3):370–9.
    12. Carver CS, Scheier MF, Segerstrom SC. Optimism. Clin Psychol Rev. 2010;30(7):879–89.
    13. Reynolds P, Hurley S, Torres M, Jackson J, Boyd P, Chen VW. Use of coping strategies and breast cancer survival: results from the Black/White Cancer Survival Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2000;152(10):940–9.
    14. Reich SG. Neurologic pearls. Semin Neurol. 2010;30(1):3–4.
    15. Browall M, Ahlberg K, Karlsson P, Danielson E, Persson LO, Gaston-Johansson F. Health-related quality of life during adjuvant treatment for breast cancer among postmenopausal women. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2008;12(3):180–9.
    16. Msanesh M. Relationship between Psychological Distress and Quality Of Life in Women with Breast Cancer. J Zabol Univ Med Sci Health Serv. 2012;4(2):51–9.
    17. Baljani E, Kazemi M, Amanpour E, Tizfahm T. A survey on relationship between religion, spiritual wellbeing, hope and quality of life in patients with cancer. J Evid Based Care. 2012;1(1):51–62.
    18. Wenzel LB, Donnelly JP, Fowler JM, Habbal R, Taylor TH, Aziz N, et al. Resilience, reflection, and residual stress in ovarian cancer survivorship: a gynecologic oncology group study. Psychooncology. 2002;11(2):142–53.
    19. Scheier MF, Carver CS. On the Power of Positive Thinking: The Benefits of Being Optimistic. Curr Directions Psychol Sci. 1993;2(1):26–30.