Success Rate of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Related Factors in Emergency Department of a Private Hospital in Mashhad

Document Type : Original Article


1 Emergency Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Neonatology, Neonatal Health Research Center, Research Institute for Children’s Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

4 Director of Public Relations and Cultural Affairs, Razavi Hospital, Mashhad, Iran

5 Master of Business Administration in e-commerce, Payame Noor University, Mashhad, Iran.


Background and Objectives: Most deaths occur unpredictably and usually outside of health care facilities; while could be predicted by Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Whatever, the success rate of this procedure is affected by many factors and the aim of this study was to evaluate CPR outcomes and determine theassociated factors.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive retrospective study was conducted in 2018 in a private hospital in Mashhad. Census method was used for sampling, and all the patients who underwent CPR were included in the study. Meanwhile, those who had signs of death and/ or those with incomplete medical records excluded from the study. Moreover, data were provided through the Statistics, Medical Records as well as Quality Improvement units.
Results:In this study, 394 medical records were evaluated, out of which 224(56.9%) were male and 170(43.1%) were female. Totally, 96(24.4%) successful and 298(75.6%) unsuccessful CPR were recorded. There was a significant correlation between age of the patientand successful CPR (P=0.011).
Conclusion:Results of the study showed that the success rate of CPR will be higher, if the patient is young, duration of CPR is short, and the patient has a non-cardiac underlying disease.


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