The Effectiveness of Psychological Education Based on Olson Model on Family Cohesion of Schizophrenic Patients in Bushehr

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran.

3 Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran

4 Department of Social Medicine, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Iran.


Background: Family cohesion affects health, mental and physical well-being, academic achievement, and emotional health of the family with disturbance of family environment and feelings of depression, aggressive behaviors and delinquency, and disruption of family members' self-concept.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psychological education based on Olson's model on family cohesion of schizophrenic patients in Bushehr.
Method: The research method was semi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and follow-up design. The statistical population consisted of 425 patients in all families of schizophrenic patients who were treated in the province's medical centers (both governmental and non-governmental) in Bushehr in 2019. The sample size in this study will be 30 parents of schizophrenic patients. All of them had inclusion criteria and were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to the experimental and control group. Data obtained by Faces-III Scale (Olson et al., 1983)and analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance and post-test by Spss.22.
Results: The results showed that psychological training based on the Olson model effectively improved family cohesion of schizophrenic patients (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Providing psychological services is necessary to promote and cohere the families of schizophrenic patients, so it can be said that psychological training based on family cohesion and flexibility can be used to promote and cohere the families of schizophrenic patients and provide the ground for their psychological care.


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