Background: Migraine is a common disabling type of a headache, which has a relationship with temporary changes in the diameter of blood vessels. Objectives: The present study aimed to compare positive psychological characteristics in individuals with and without a migraine. Material and Method: The method of the present research was causal-comparative (ex-post facto), using parallel samples. The statistical population of this research consisted of all the individuals with a migraine in Tehran who had visited Tehran's city health center (2016), out of whom 60 individuals were selected based on entrance-exit criteria and semi-structured interviews, using a convenience sampling method; and 60 individuals without a migraine were put together with them. The spiritual intelligence questionnaires, life meaning, meta-personal self-construct and life satisfaction questionnaires were used in order to collect data. In addition, the items related to demographic data were completed. Results: The results of data analysis, using SPSS20 software, showed that spiritual intelligence, life meaning, meta-personal self-construct, and life satisfaction significantly exist in those with lower migraine (P
Hansen JM, Goadsby PJ, Charles AC. Variability of clinical features in attacks of migraine with aura. Cephalalgia. 2016;36(3):216- 24. doi: 10.1177/0333102415584601. [PubMed: 25944814].
Corallo F, De Cola MC, Lo Buono V, Grugno R, Pintabona G, Presti L, et al. Assessment of anxiety, depressive disorders and pain intensity in migraine and tension headache patients. Acta Med Aust. 2015;31(3):615-20.
Smitherman TA, Davis RE, Walters AB, Young J, Houle TT. Anxiety sensitivity and headache: diagnostic differences, impact, and relations with perceived headache triggers. Cephalalgia. 2015;35(8):710-21. doi: 10.1177/0333102414557840. [PubMed: 25352500].
Antonaci F, Nappi G, Galli F, Manzoni GC, Alabresi P, Costa A. Migraine and psychiatric comorbidity: a review of clinical findings. J Headache Pain. 2011;12(2):115-25. doi: 10.1007/ s10194-010-0282-4. [PubMed: 21210177].
Seligman ME, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am Psychol. 2005;60(5):410-21. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410. [PubMed: 16045394].
Karami Nejad R, Tabatabai Shahrbabaki Z. Comparing spiritual intelligence and attribution styles among addicted and no addicted women. Toloo-E-Behdasht. 2016;15(1):65-76. [Persian]
King D. Rethinking claims of spiritual intelligence: a definition, model, and measure. Michigan: ProQuest; 2008.
Lindzey GE, Aronson EE. The handbook of social psychology. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1998. P. 680-740.
Singelis TM. The measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals. Personal Soc Psychol Bull. 1994;20(5):580-91. doi: 10.1177/0146167294205014.
Kelly GA. The psychology of personal constructs. New York: Norton; 1995.
Atkinson RL, Atkinson RC, Smith EE, Bem DJ. Introduction to psychology. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich; 1990.
DeCicco TL, Stroink ML. A third model of self-construal: the metapersonal self. Int J Transpers Stud. 2007;26(1):82-104. doi: 10.24972/ijts.2007.26.1.82.
Hedberg P, Gustafson Y, Brulin C. Purpose in life among men and women aged 85 years and older. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2010;70(3):213-29. doi: 10.2190/AG.70.3.c.
Moreno-Murcia JA, Huescar E, Torres MD. Social support, physical exercise and life satisfaction in women. Rev Latinoam Psicol. 2017;49(3):194-202. doi: 10.1016/j.rlp.2016.08.002.
Raghib MS, Siyadat A. Analyzing the spiritual intelligence of Isfahan University students and its relation with demographic characteristics. J Educ Psychol Stud. 2010;5(8):39-56. [Persian]
Haratian A, Janbozorgi M, Agah-Haris M, Sari-Motlagh N. Comparison of maladaptive animosity, irrational beliefs, marital conflict and religious adherence of men and women. Islamic J Women Fam. 2012;8(18):89-106. [Persian]
Mesrabadi J, Jafariyan S, Ostovar N. Discriminative and construct validity of meaning in life questionnaire for Iranian students. Int J Behav Sci. 2013;7(1):83-90. [Persian]
Schimmack V, Radharishnan P, Oishi S, DZokoto V, Ahadi S. Culture, personality, and subjective Well-being: Integrating process model of life satisfaction. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002;82(4):582-93. [PubMed: 11999925].
Mozafari S. Personality relativists of mental happiness based on a five-factor model among students of Shiraz University. [Master Thesis]. Shiraz: Shiraz University; 2003. [Persian]
Heydari A, Meshkinyazd A, Soudmand P. The effect of spiritual intelligence training on job satisfaction of psychiatric nurses. Iran J Psychiatry. 2017;12(2):128-33. [PubMed: 28659985].
Atari, Z. (2019). Comparison of Spiritual-Positive Psychological Characteristics in Individuals with and without Migraine. Razavi International Journal of Medicine, 7(3.4), 23-27. doi: 10.30483/rijm.2019.249721.0
Zahra Atari. "Comparison of Spiritual-Positive Psychological Characteristics in Individuals with and without Migraine". Razavi International Journal of Medicine, 7, 3.4, 2019, 23-27. doi: 10.30483/rijm.2019.249721.0
Atari, Z. (2019). 'Comparison of Spiritual-Positive Psychological Characteristics in Individuals with and without Migraine', Razavi International Journal of Medicine, 7(3.4), pp. 23-27. doi: 10.30483/rijm.2019.249721.0
Atari, Z. Comparison of Spiritual-Positive Psychological Characteristics in Individuals with and without Migraine. Razavi International Journal of Medicine, 2019; 7(3.4): 23-27. doi: 10.30483/rijm.2019.249721.0