A Study of Legal Supports in the Light of International Guidelines of Life Style among Patients with HIV/AIDS

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.A of psychology, Family Therapy department, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD of Educational management, college of Management and economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Background: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a fatal neurologic disorder caused by a defect in the immune system. Objectives: The present research was conducted with the aim of studying legal supports in light of international guidelines of lifestyle among patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods: This study was practical in terms of objectives and descriptive in terms of data collection method. Moreover, it was qualitative in terms of the data type. The population consisted of two groups, legal experts (Shahid Beheshti University, Imam Sadiq, Tehran and Allameh University) and HIV Patients. Eight experts and thirteen patients were selected using purposive sampling. Data collection was through semi-structured interviews. All interviews were recorded and implemented and after a few evaluations, categories, sub-categories and codes, the smallest meaningful units, were extracted and classified. Content analysis of conventional (customary) methods was used for analysis of qualitative data. Results: Generally, the results indicated that the legal binding items in relation to the patient with AIDS are absent or rarely available so that improving lifestyle at the international level and within the country and in developed countries based on their own country specific rules and human rights is really difficult. Conclusion: International study guidelines on AIDS and Human Rights can really have an effect on reducing the vulnerability of patients and impunity of prone people.


  1. Sadock B, Sadock VA, Sussman N. Kaplan &Sadock's pocket handbook of psychiatric drug treatment. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2009.
  2. OlemD,SharpKM,TaylorJM,JohnsonMO.Overcomingbarriers to HIV treatment adherence: a brief cognitive behavioral interventionforHIV-positiveadultsonantiretroviraltreatment. CognBehavPract. 2014;21(2):206-23. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpra. 2013.09.003. [PubMed:24855332].
  3. Smeltzer SC, Bare BG, Hinkle JL, Cheever KH. Textbook of medical surgical nursing. 12thed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins; 2010. P.1956.
    1. World Health Organization. Fighting heart disease and stroke. Geneva: World Health Organization;2002.
    2. Nojoomi  M,  Anbari  K.  A  comparison  of  the  quality  of  life  in HIV/AIDS patients and control group. Razi J Med Sci. 2008;15:169-76. [Persian]
    3. Payamani F, Nazari A, Miri M, GhadirianBaharabchi F, Taghipour M. The study of MS patients’ life style referred to MS Association. Int J Med Res Health Sci.2016;5(1):230-4.
    4. Campbell JD. Lifestyle, minerals and health. Med Hypotheses. 2001;57(5):521-31. doi: 10.1054/mehy.2001.1351. [PubMed: 11735305].
    5. Kennard BD, Brown LT, Hawkins L, Risi A, Radcliffe J, Emslie GJ, et al. Adolescent trials network for HIV/AIDS interventions. Development and implementation of health and wellness CBT for individuals with depression and HIV. CognBehavPract. 2014;21(2):237-46. doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2013.07.003.
    6. Ghadimi M, Eslami Z. Sociological analysis of AIDS and its influencing factors with emphasis on the role of mass media. Iran SocSci Stud. 2015;12(2):131-49.[Persian]
  4. Niu L, Luo D, Liu Y, Silenzio VM, Xiao S. The mental health of people living with HIV in China, 1998–2014: a systematic review. PLoS One. 2016;11(4):e0153489. doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0153489. [PubMed:27082749].
  5. Brooks JT, BuchaczK, GeboKA, Mermin J. HIV infection and older Americans: the public health perspective. Am J Public Health. 2012;102(8):1516-26. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300844.[PubMed: 22698038].
  6. Abbasi M, Abbasian L. AIDS international guideline and human rights. Tehran: Sina Cultural Rights Institute;2009.
  7. Aidala AA, Wilson MG, Shubert V, Gogolishvili D, Globerman J, Rueda S, et al. Housing status, medical care, and health outcomes among people living with HIV/AIDS: a systematic review. Am J Public Health. 2016;106(1):e1-23. doi: 10.2105/ AJPH.2015.302905. [PubMed:26562123].
  8. Saad BM, Tan PL, SubramaniamG. Implication  ofHIV/AIDS knowledge on quality of life of young women in Malaysia. ProcSoc BehavSci.2015;202:218-26.doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.08.225