Developing and Standardizing Marital Instability Measurement Test for Couples

Document Type : Original Article


MSc Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar branch, Garmsar, Iran


Abstract Background: Divorce is the most common manifestation of severe conflict, and over half of the couples who seek advice will finally get divorced. Objectives: The present study aimed at developing and standardizing Marital Instability Measurement test for couples. Material and Methods: This is a developmental – psychometric research and accordingly, using theoretical bases and the existing literature, a questionnaire consisted of 6 components and 21 items was prepared and confirmed by the experts in the field. Statistical population of the current study included couples with marital instability in Tehran, who attended the Police Counseling Center. 400 people answered the research questionnaire. After excluding incomplete questionnaires, 320 questionnaires were analyzed by convenience sampling method. Results: After collecting data and inserting them into the software, firstly explanatory factor analysis was conducted on the obtained data and then the extracted items for the studied components were confirmed through Confirmatory Factor Analysis test. Conclusion: Accordingly, we can say that the research questionnaire has good validity and reliability and can be used by other researchers in future works. Developing, Standardization, Marital, Instability, Measurement, Couples


  1. Lavelle B, Smock PJ. Divorce and women’s risk of health insurance loss. J Health SocBehav. 2012;53(4):413-31. doi: 10.1177/0022146512465758. [PubMed: 23147653].
  2. EsmaliKooraneh A, Amirsardari L. Predicting early maladaptive schemas using Baumrind’s parenting styles. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2015;9(2):e952. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs952. [PubMed: 26288648].
  3. Wortman J, Lucas RE. Spousal similarity in life satisfaction before and after divorce. J PersSoc Psychol. 2016;110(4):625- 633. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000065. [PubMed:26436842].
  4. Shahmoradi S, Fatehizadeh M, Ahmadi A. Predicting marital conflict through personality, mental, and demographic characteristics of couples. Knowl Res Appl Psychol. 2011; 2(3):33-40.
  5. Fincham FD, Beach SR. Marriage in the new millennium: a decade in review. J Marriage Fam. 2010;72(3):630-49. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00722.x.
  6. Ghoraishi F, Shirmohammadi D, Borjvand A. Perception of divorce factors from the viewpoint of divorcing and divorced men and women (a case study of Saqqez City). Strategic Res  Soc Problems Iran. 2014;3(1):19-30.[Persian]
  7.  Disney KL, Weinstein Y, Oltmanns TF. Personality disorder symptoms are differentially related to divorce frequency. J  Fam Psychol. 2012;26(6):959-65. doi: 10.1037/a0030446. [PubMed: 23244459].
  8.  Kreager DA, Felson RB, Warner C, Wenger MR. Women’s education, marital violence, and divorce: a social exchange perspective. J Marriage Fam. 2013;75(3):565-81. [PubMed:3864686].
  9.  Raghibi M, Gharehchahi M. An investigation of the relation between emotional and spiritual intelligence among well- adjusted and discordant couples. Soc Woman.2013;4(1):123-40. [Persian]
  10. Chaboki, O. An intergenerational study of the association of attitude towards marriage with family functions among women in Tehran. J Woman Fam. 2013;1(1):159-85. doi:10.22051/JWFS.2014.1512.
  11. Flora DB, LaBrish C, Chalmers RP. Old and new ideas for data screening and assumption testing for exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Front Psychol. 2012;3:55. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00055. [PubMed:22403561].
  12. Tavassoli GA, Ghiasi NA. Social causes of divorce in Yazd province in the past decade.J Iran Soc Dev Stud. 2011;3(4):35-[Persian]
  13. Thompson RG, Shmulewitz D, Meyers JL, Stohl M, Aharonovich