Standard Data of the Morphometric Parameters of the Pancreas in the Iranian Population


1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IranTel: +989155084676; Email:

2 Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran

3 Tel: +98 513 8425946 Email:

4 Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

5 Mashhad Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Mashhad, Iran

6 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: The pancreas is a mixed gland associated with the digestive system. To the best of our knowledge, there is no study on normal pancreatic standards in the Iranian population. Objectives: Hence, the aim of this study was to examine the morphometry of the pancreas in terms of length, width, weight, and variations of cadavers in Khorasan Razavi province. Methods: A total of 312 cadavers (67 female/ 245 male) were included in the study between May 2014 and August 2015, in the Legal Medicine Organization, Mashhad, Iran. Demographic values were obtained from ever fresh Iranian cadaver. Length, width and weight of pancreas were measured using standard tools. Pancreas were observed carefully, whether any variations were present. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Three hundred twelve cadavers with a mean age of 42.48 ± 21.39 were enrolled to the study. The mean values of the pancreas length, width, weight, and index of the pancreas were 15.22 ± 5.09 cm, 8.21 ± 4.38 cm, 3.41 ± 0.69, 72.68 ± 23.77 grams, and 1.24 ± 0.57, respectively. The variation of pancraticodeodenal duct was in 2.6% of cases (n=8). There was no significant difference between the morphometric values of the pancreas between males and females (P>0.05). The width and index of pancreas was correlated statistically with BMI, body height and weight (P


1.Dark RL, Vogle AW, Mithell AW. Gray’s anatomy, in alimentary system. 3rd ed. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2015. P. 333-5.
2. Mescher AL. Junqueira’s basic histology: text and atlas. 13th ed. New York: Mcgraw-Hill; 2013. P. 326-8.
3. Sadler TW. Langman's medical embryology. 13th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2015. P. 238-9. 
Mohammadi S et al.Razavi Int J Med. 2018; 6(3):e58590. 35
4. Bannister HL. Pancreas, liver and gall bladder. Gray’s anatomy. 38th ed. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2000. P. 1790-1.
5. Sinnatamby CS. Head and neck and spine. Last’s anatomy. 11th ed. London: Churchill Livingstone; 2006. P. 277.
6. Fawcett D, Jensh R. Bloom & Fawectt's concise histology. 2nd ed. London: Arnold; 2002. P. 217.
7. Kozu T, Suda K, Toki F. Development of pancreas and biliary duct. In: DiMarino AJ, editor. Gastrointestinal disease: an
endoscopic approach. 2nd ed. Thorofare, US: Slack Incorporated; 2002. P. 978-9.
8. Djuric-Stefanovic A, Masulovic D, Kostic J, Randjic K, Saranovic D. CT volumetry of normal pancreas: correlation with the
pancreatic diameters measurable by the cross-sectional imaging, and relationship with the gender, age, and
body constitution. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(9):811-7. doi: 10.1007/s00276-012-0962-7. [PubMed: 22434256].
9. Basnet KS, Thapa TP, Upreti RP, Dangol RMS, Shrestha RN, Dhungel S. A morphometric study of human pancreas
in Nepalese people. Nepal Med Coll J. 2011;13(2):88-91. [PubMed: 22364088].
10. Sulochana S, Sivakami T. A gross morphological study of the pancreas in human cadavers. Natl J Clin Anat. 2012;1(2):55-60.
11. Firoz A. A gross morphological study of human postmortem pancreas in Bangladeshi people. Bangeladesh J Anat. 2010;8(2):56-8.
12. Innes JT, Carey LC. Normal pancreatic dimensions in the adult human. Am J Surg. 1994;167(199):261-3. [PubMed: 8135316].
13. Narongchai P, Narongchai S. Study of the normal internal organ weights in Thai population. J Med Assoc Thai.
2008;91(5):747-53. [PubMed: 18672642].
14. Caglar V, Kumral B, Uygur R, Alkoc OA, Ozen OA, Demirel H. Study of volume, weight and size of normal pancreas, spleen and kidney in adults autopsies. Forensic Med Anat Res. 2014;2(3):63-9. doi: 10.4236/fmar.2014.23012.
15. Sheikhazadi A, Sadr SS, Ghadyani MH, Taheri SK, Manouchehri AA, Nazparvar B, et al. Study of the normal internal organ weights in Tehran's population. J Forensic Leg Med. 2010;17(2):78-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2009.07.012. [PubMed: 20129426].
16. Ara S, Shahriah S, Begum S. The length of main pancreatic duct in Bangladeshi cadaver at different age groups. Mymensingh Med J. 2011;20(2):298-302. [PubMed: 21522104].
17. Schaefer JH. The normal weight of pancreas in the adult human being: a biometric study. Anat Rec. 1926;32(2):119-32. doi:10.1002/ar.1090320204.
18. Bock T, Pakkenberg B, Buschard K. Genetic background determines the size and structure of the endocrine pancreas.
Diabetes. 2005;54(1):133-7. [PubMed: 15616020].
19. 19- de la Grandmaison GL, Clairand I, Durigon M. Organ weight in 684 adult autopsies: new tables for a Caucasoid population. Forensic Sci Int. 2001;119(2):149-54. [PubMed: 11376980].
20. Kin T, Murdoch TB, Shapiro AM, Lakey JR. Estimation of pancreas weight from donor variables. Cell Transplant.
2006;15(2):181-5. [PubMed: 16719052].
21. Yu J, Turner MA, Fulcher AS, Halvorsen RA. Congenital anomalies and normal variants of the pancreaticobiliary tract
and the pancreas in adults: part 1, Biliary tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006;187(6):1536-43. doi: 10.2214/AJR.05.0772.
[PubMed: 17114548].