Comprehensive Preventive Approach to Surgical Site Infections (SSIs): A Review


1 Department of Community Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 1 Department of Community Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 2 Research Center for Rational Use of Drugs, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Abstract Context: To deal with health problems, using an approach, based on prevention perspective, consist of different types of prevention, can be a proper way to manage the health problems such as surgical site infections (SSIs). Introducing an action plan from the perspective of “prevention” for dealing with surgical site infections (SSIs). Evidence Acquisition: We have used 5 known prevention levels as a simple approach for dealing with surgical site infections. For gathering information, electronic databases, including Scopus, Medline, ISI, IranMedex, and Irandoc sites were used. Results: For prevention of surgical site infection, a comprehensive evidence based instruction, consist of 75 related factors and 74 proposed measurable and operational preventive activities was developed. Conclusion: We concluded that, to deal with surgical site infections use of the proposed action plan may be useful. Even we believe that, this approach can be used to deal with any health problems including diseases, disorders, accidents and events.   Keywords: Hospital Infection Control, Prevention Levels, Prevention, Risk Factors, Surgical Site Infection


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