Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Therapy on Resilience, Psychological Well-Being, and Blood Sugar Levels in Patients with Type II Diabetes

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, United Arab Emirates Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, UAE

2 Department of Psychology, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran

10.30483/rijm.2021.254153.1008

Abstract

Background: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases that has attracted the increasing attention of health professionals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapy on resilience, psychological well-being, and blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes in Tehran.
Methods: The method of this study was semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and control group. The statistical population of the study consisted of all patients with type 2 diabetes referred to health centers in Tehran, from which 30 people were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly selected in the experimental group (15 people in each group). And the control group (15 people) were assigned. The mindfulness treatment experimental group was trained for 10 sessions of 90 minutes, and the control group remained on the waiting list. The instruments used in the present study included resilience (Connor and Davidson, 2003), psychological well-being (Ryff, 1980), and their blood glucose was measured by glycosylated hemoglobin test, which was used in two stages of pre-test and post-test. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of covariance and SPSS.19 software.
Results: The results showed that the intervention used in this study could significantly improve resilience (p <0.001). psychological well-being (p <0.001), and blood sugar (p <0.001) in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that mindfulness-based therapy was effective in improving resilience, psychological well-being, and decreasing blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords


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