Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Belief of Medical Students towards AIDS Prevention and Transmission in Mashhad, Iran

Authors

1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IranTel: +989155084676; Email: dadgarmm@mums.ac.ir

2 Assistant Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Educational Development, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Community Medicine specialist, Departments of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran

4 Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

5 Medical student, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

10.22034/RIJM.2018.65143

Abstract

Abstract Background: Iran is estimated to have about 73000 (50000-130000) people living with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) by end of 2015. Medical students are of special emphasis in agenda setting against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the Knowledge, attitudes and practice of medical students to HIV/AIDS. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students in Mashhad, Iran in a six-month period at the second half of the year 2016. Stratified cluster random sampling technique was used to select 202 students in 4 courses of medical education. The world health organization’s instrument was used for assessing knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HIV/AIDS. One way ANOVA or Kruskal wallis test were used for data analysis. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 22.31+2.97 years. Most of them were male (65.7%) and 77.4% were single. Medical students had almost good general knowledge about HIV/AIDS. 28.9-98% answered correctly to this section. In transmission knowledge section there were some misconceptions about the routes of transmission and 15.6-98.5% answered correctly. The majority of students had positive attitudes toward HIV/AIDS, 74-98.2% of respondents answered correctly to this section. Overall 56-98% of students responded correctly to different beliefs domain questions. There were significant differences in mean knowledge score between four different courses of medical education (P=0.004). Conclusion: Findings indicated a statistically significant betterment in some aspect in knowledge, attitude and belief toward HIV/AIDs, but it was expected that final year medical students had more correct information, a fact not indicated in this study.   Keywords: Attitude, Belief, HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Medical Student

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