Identifying Pattern of Relationships between Attachment Styles, Life Satisfaction and Perfectionism in University Students

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, School of Education and Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, IR Iran

2 Master of Counseling, School of Education and Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen Branch, IR Iran

10.5812/rijm.13060

Abstract

Abstract Background: Life satisfaction is a subjective and unique concept to every human being which constitutes an essential component of subjective well-being. Objectives: The purpose of the present studywas identifying the patternof relationship betweenattachment styles, life satisfaction and perfectionismin university students. Methods: The statistical society included all students of Azad university of Roodehen who were studying at this university in 2014 - 15 academic year. The sample size was 271 undergraduate students who were selected by stratification randomsampling fromall faculties except faculty of education and counseling and also Psychology. The datawere collected using life satisfaction scale, collins and reid’s adult attachment styles and terry and short’s positive and negative perfectionismscale. Results: The findings showed that positive and negative perfectionism variables influence on explanation of life satisfaction changes. Anxious attachment through negative perfectionisminfluences directly and indirectly on explanation of life satisfaction changes. Also avoidant attachment through positive and negative perfectionisminfluences directly and indirectly on explanation of life satisfaction changes. However, secure attachment neither directly nor indirectly influences on explanation of life satisfaction changes. Conclusions: The resultsof this studyhave several important implications for counselorswhoworkwithperfectionism. Counselors should consider perfectionismas amultidimensional construct with both healthy and unhealthy dimensions rather than as only problematic construct.

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