Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Reducing Smoking among Addicts


1 Assistant Professor, Department of General Psychology, College of Psychology and Education, Allama Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2 General Psychology, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran



Abstract Background: Substance abuse is one of the most important problems nowadays that has found the world range. A disaster that destroysmillions of lives, and big national funds are spent to fight or compensate its damages. Objectives: This study was conducted with the aim of examining the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on re- ducing smoking among addicts in Tehran. Methods: Themethod used in this study in terms of the applied purpose and data collection, was quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest group and control group. Statistical population of the present study consisted of all male smokers aged 20 to 40 years living in Tehran, who had been referred to the stop smoking clinic in Tehran municipality and Javanmardan park for treat- ment. Convenience samplingmethod was used to choose samples fromstatistical population. In this way, 30 persons who smoked cigarette daily were chosen and referred for treatment; they were randomly divided into one experimental group and one control group. Thus, 15 personswere randomly assigned to the control group and 15 ones to the experimental group (mindfulness). The Self- made questionnaire for smoking ratewas used in this study. Using SPSS software, obtained data fromquestionnaireswere analyzed and divided into two parts, descriptive and inferential. Results: According to the obtained results, there was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups (P < 0.05).The results showed thatmindfulness is effective in reducing smoking in the persons aged 20 to 40 years. Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, it can be stated that some solutions should be considered in order to conduct the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in counseling centers.