Conduct Disorder in Student: The Predicting Role of Emotion Regulation, Callous-Unemotional Traits and Schema

Authors

1 MA Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Dezfoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dezfoul, IR Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran

4 Full Professor, PhD of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran

10.5812/rijm.42801

Abstract

Abstract Background: The fact that emotional dysregulation and early maladaptive schemas are considered as the defining core of conduct disorder has been validated throughnumerousstudies. Astrong association between the diagnosis of conduct disorder and callousunemotional traits has also been found by numerous studies. Objectives: This study was carried out in order to inspect the relationship between conduct disorder and emotion regulation, callous- unemotional traits, and schema in male high-school students in Dezfoul, SW Iran. Methods: In the present descriptive correlational study, 320 male high school students were chosen in Dezfoul, using the multistage random sampling. Data collection was carried out using some instruments including the child behavior checklist (CBCL), difficulties in emotion-regulation scale (DERS) inventory of callous- unemotional traits (ICUT) young schema questionnaire-short form. The collected data were analyzed using multivariate regression analysis and the pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The results indicated a meaningfully positive correlation between emotion regulation, callous- unemotional traits and schema with conduct disorder. In addition, the results of multivariate regression analysis showed thatamongthe above-mentioned variables studied, callous- unemotional trait was found to be the most effective predicting variable in conduct disorder (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The findings of this study are in full agreement with those of previous ones, and basically show a significant association between callous- unemotional traits, emotion regulation and schema with conduct disorder.

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