Parent Training Based on the Choice Theory: Analysis of its Impact on Mothers’ Sense of Self-efficacy and their Conflicts with their Daughters


1 Master of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch,Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

2 PhD of Psychology, Faculty of William Glasser Institute

3 Associate Professor, Allameh Tabatabaie University, Tehran, Iran



Abstract Background: This research aimed to study the effectiveness of “parent training based on the Choice Theory” on the motherdaughter conflicts and increasing mothers’ sense of self-efficacy. Methods: The quasi-experimental method was used to examine the research variables. The research population included a group of mothers of the studentswhowere in sixth to ninth grade at Nure Narges school in region 5 of Tehran. The parent- adolescent conflict questionnaire (teen’s papers) was used to assess the frequency and intensity of the conflict. A group of 24 volunteer mothers whose daughters had reported the most conflicts with their mothers was randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Both groups filled the parent- adolescent conflict questionnaire. The experimental group were trained parenting skills based on the Choice Theory for 8 sessions, while the control group were not trained. Finally, both groups answered the questionnaire again. They also answered the questionnaires three months later, as a follow-up. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used for data analysis. Results: The results showed a significant difference between the scores of the experimental and control groups. Conclusions: Parent trainings based on the choice theory can improve the mother-daughter relationship, increase the mother’s sense of self-efficacy and reduce the mother-daughter conflicts significantly.